Guide to Karabagh Rugs & Carpets
The Duchy of Jraberd
Historically the Armenians of Karabagh were governed by principalities or duchies. The Five Duchies were Khachen, Jraberd, Varanda, Dizak and Golestan. Jrebard, Chondzoresk, and Kasim Ushak (Kazanbulak) are historically Armenian towns in the Northern Duchy of Jraberd in Karabagh. In a fascinating political system there were Armenian Princes or as we say in modern times Governors even while Karabagh was a Moslem governed Khanate. At times these Armenian rulers had so much autonomy they were virtually independent and at other times they were merely a buffer between their people and other leaders.
The essence to this is control and for the Armenians it was very much like the Kizil Bash system for the Azeri. People were controlled by leaders of their own type.
Karabagh or Moghan Savalan Shahsavan Sumac Mafrash 2nd half 19th C.
Origin: South East Caucasus, Moghan Region, 2nd half 19th c.
Size: ca. 45 x 102 cm
Notes: Long side of a bedding bag woven in fine Sumakh technique. Very good wool and colors. – Sides and lower end cut, upper end original.
A Shusha Prayer Rug Karabagh late 19th C.
Origin: South Caucasus, Karabagh Region, late 19th century
Size: approx. 131 x 78 cm
Notes on Condition: Minor losses to ends and damage to sides; minor restorations.
3-Medallion Karabakh Rug
Structure: Symmetrical. 7 knots per horizontal inch and 7 knots per vertical inch. 49 per square inch (760 per square decimeter). Not depressed.
Yarn Spin: Z.
Warp: 4 ply brown wool.
Weft: 4 shots, red wool.
Pile: 2 Wool singles.
Ends: Bottom 1 inch plainweave with warp fringe, reduced. Top - half-hitch end finish.
Selvages: 3 cords wrapped in wool using pile colors.
Further Notes: This rug is in excellent condition. There are some repairs but they are very good. This rug dates from between 1880 and 1913.
This rug has three medallions and scattered minor field elements. It is well drawn, the colors mellow and harmonious.
A brilliant colored Karabagh Rug c. 1900
A Karabagh, CAUCASUS, ca. 1900, losses to pile, small repiled areas. Size 310 x 210 cm
A narrow border Karabagh rug third quarter 19th c.
A Karabagh rug, Caucasus, third quarter 19th ct., slight losses to pile, minor resto
Size: 202 x 113 cm
Azeri Karabagh Mafrash Panel
Size: 131 x 113 cm
Region: West Asia > Caucasus > South Caucasus > Azerbaijan
Type: Rugs and Carpets > Bags and Trappings > Mafrash
Date/Period: 19th century : second half
Full Description: Caucasus/Northwest Persia sumak complete Mafrash
Cloud Band Kazak
This spectacular 19th century rug is a fine example of one of the most popular types of Caucasian rugs. Dealers usually call these Kazaks and the name sticks. However these carpets are more properly attributed to Karabagh. The red wefts and medium depression attest to that attribution. One odd thing about this rug is the rare border that is usually seen in very old Caucasian rugs.
Here is a Classical Cloud-Band Kazak, circa 1850-1870, Caucasus Mountains, measuring 48 X 109 inches.
Karabagh rug - Chbukli Design
Dimensions: 357cm X 100 cm ( 11'9” x 3'4”)
Density: V24/10cm H 24/10cm 576/dm² (6/6 pi 36/p.s.i)
Warps: medium thick tan wool, Z3S, no depression, flat back
Wefts: dark brown wool, Z2S, 3-4 shoots
Selvedges: not original
Ends: not original
Colors: natural dyes, white, madder red, bluish green, gold, azure and marine blue, dark and medium brown, camel.
Shusha Karabagh Blossom Carpet
South Central Caucasus, Mid-18th Century
Warp: Wool, tan, natural some barberpoled, Z2 or Z3
Weft: Wool tan, natural, Z2, 2 shoots alternating, one straight, and one wavy. Extra thick weft irregularly every two to three inches.
Pile: Wool, Z2s, symmetrical knots pulled right, average 80-degree alternate warp depression
Density: 8 H by 8 - 10 V
Sides: Not original.
Ends: Both not original.
Size: 10ft. 1 in. by 4 ft. 11 on.
Colors: Brick, old ivory, brown, black, pale yellow, pale aqua, dark blue, pale green, dark red, deep blue-green, forest green, tan.
18th c. Karabagh Main Carpet
Size: 238.8cm(W) x 548.6cm(L) / 7'10"(W) x 18'0(L)
Region: West Asia, Caucasus, Central Caucasus, Karabagh
Item Type: Rugs and Carpets
Period / Date: 18th century (1700 - 1799)
Main Color: Indigo
Comments: On Condition: The lustrous pile is generally very good, with small areas of localized wear. There are some small breaks and oxidation. The length has been modified to accommodate a smaller room.
Full Description: The refined overall Avshan pattern in this long carpet displays a vocabulary of diverse, floral forms, each precisely drawn and rendered in a palette of scintillating colors.
Measurements: Approximately 11ft. 6in. by 5ft. 10in. 3.51m by 1.78m
Description: Late 19th century, the claret field with an overall flowerhead trellis design, within a deep blue angular blossoming-vine border. Oxidized browns, losses to end guard borders, small slits, foldwear, minor repiling, selvages fraying in areas, applied fringes.
The Summers Karabagh or Kazak Rug
Southwest Caucasus, ca. 1800
1.60 x 2.10m (5ft 3 x 6ft 11in)
Warp: wool, natural tan/grey; Z3S
Weft: wool, light red, Z2S, 4 shoots
Knot: wool, Z2S; symmetric, approx. 60 per sq.in. (900 per sq.dm)
Sides: 3-cord light red wool selvedge, innermost cord wrapped into the pile
Karabagh Corridor Carpet
South Caucasus, Mid-nineteenth century
Reweaves, repiled areas, oxidized browns, foldwear, approximately 18 ft. 9 in. by 9 ft. 5 in. (5.49 by 2.87 m.)
South Caucasus about 1900-1910
7ft.4in. x 4ft. 2.24m. x 1.22m.
Slight even wear.
Striped Karabagh Rug late 19th c.
South Caucasus, second half 19th century, (areas of wear, creases, guard stripe mostly missing from one end), 6 ft. x 4 ft
Qarabagh Azeri Cover (Verni) circa 1860
Karabagh Gallery Carpet c. 1890
Measurements: Approximately 21ft. by 7ft. 2in. (6.40 by 2.18m.)
Description: Circa 1890 remnants of original kilim ends, foldwear, moth damage, overcast sides, stains.
Qarabagh Horse Cover
Size: 186cm(H) x 201cm(W) / 6'1"(H) x 6'7"(W)
Region: West Asia, Caucasus, Central Caucasus, Karabagh
Item Type: Textiles, Cover
Period / Date: 19th century ? second half (1850 - 1899)
Structure / Technique: extra-weft wrapping on a balanced plain weave ground
Comments On Condition: in excellent condition except for small areas of discoloration in the red field.
Full Description: Imposing in size and spectacular in color and composition, this is a top Caucasian flat-woven cover.
Karabagh Rug c. 1920-1930
A Karabagh Rug, 1920-1930
Dimensions: 85 x 173 cm
Provenance: Estate of Wolf Vider, Munich, Germany.
Details: The central field containing three medallions within a meandering vine border.
Condition: Minimal moth damage, some minor repairs, good pile.
Karabagh Serrated Floral Lozenge Medallions Rug 19th C.
The blackcurrant-red field with four serrated floral lozenge medallions with pendants flanked by similar half panels and occasional animal figure, in soft green border of palmette and angular floral vine between camel panelled leaf stripes, outer zig-zag and plain stripes, slightly corroded black otherwise good pile
276cm. x 117cm.(9ft.1in. x 3ft.10in.)
Karabagh Striped Prayer Rug 19th c.
A Karabagh prayer rug, CAUCASUS, 2nd half 19th ct., small repiled areas.
Size: 164 x 88 cm
Karabagh Rug 19th C.
SOUTH CAUCASUS, CIRCA 1890
The rust-red field with scattered hooked flowerheads around a central column of four alternating fir-green and indigo medallions containing similar motifs, in a midnight-blue polychrome hooked flowerhead border between inner serrated hooked stripe, outer golden yellow scrolling S-motif and minor barber-pole minor stripes, localised areas of wear, minor spots of repiling, natural corrosion in the brown, selvages partly rebound.
10ft.2in. x 5ft.2in. (309cm. x 157cm.)
Karabagh Rug late 19th c.
Origin: South Caucasus, late 19th c.
Size: ca. 225 x 121 cm
Original sides, partly repaired, upper end original, but damaged, lower end with minimal losses. Repaired and rewoven in places, one vertical cut, some losses to pile.
Karabagh Herati Field Rug late 19th c.
Karabagh Rug, South Caucasus, late 19th century, (small rewoven area, black corrosion), 9 ft. 4 in. x 4 ft. 8 in.
Karabagh Gallery Carpet last quarter 19th c.
Measurements: Approximately 12ft. 7in. by 5ft. 5in. (3.84 by 1.65m.)
Description: Last quarter 19th century
Condition Note: oxidized browns and taupes, minor reweaves, overcast sides.