Kazak Rug Rudnick Collection

Kazak Rug Rudnick Collection Through The Collector's Eye Plate 20

Kazak Rug Rudnick Collection Through The Collector's Eye Plate 20

A Kazak rug, Southwest Caucasus,
DESCRIPTION
A Kazak rug, Southwest Caucasus, second quarter 19th century, illegibly dated, oxidized browns, remnants of original kilim ends, missing outer side guard stripes, machine-made overcast sides, minor foldwear with some repiling, small repaired slit, approximately 8 ft. 9 in. by 4 ft. 9 in. (2.67 by 1.45m.)

Provenance:
Rosalie and Mitchell Rudnick Collection

Exhibited:
Through The Collector's Eye, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1991-2; The Textile Museum, Washington D.C., 1992, no. 20.

Literature:
Bailey, J. and Hopkins, M., Through The Collector's Eye: Oriental Carpets from New England Private Collections, Providence, Rhode Island, 1991, no. 20, p. 66.
This splendid Kazak belongs to a select sub-group of 19th century rugs featuring distinctive ivory stepped reserves enclosing charming animals and birds, supported by two rows of polychrome Memling guls.

Other examples include one previously in the Yohe Collection, see: Sotheby's, New York, 7 April 1999, lot 143; Herrmann, Eberhart, Seltene Orientteppiche IV, Munich 1982, p. 152, no. 46; Christie's, London, 29 April 1993, lot 357 and Bennett, Ian, Caucasian Rugs, London, 1981, p. 79, no. 66.

With the exception of the current lot all related rugs share the same red ground 'S' gul motif borders whereas this example displays a polychrome hooked shield palmette border often associated with Karachopt rugs such as Sotheby's, New York, 27 April 2000, lot 52, also from the Rudnick Collection and illustrated in Bailey & Hopkins (op. cit.), no. 18.
The inscribed date on the present lot is usually interpreted as reading 1249 A.H. (1833 A.D). See: Hali, Issue 69, pp. 147-8 for a full discussion of the classification of this rare group of rugs.


Southwestern Caucasus, Moghan district

Long Rug, probably 1833

Rugs of this rare type1 are sometimes attributed to the Moghan district, where the use of hooked figures called "Memling guls" was popular. This piece differs from most other known examples in its border design, a palmette motif (inverted) that also appears in the Karachov rug (cat. no.18). The five white bars in the border on either side of the central medallion are an unusual improvisation. A broad spectrum of particularly rich colors enhances the visual impact of the rug. Despite an incorrectly written second digit, the date in the central medallion probably reads 1249 (1833 A.D.). Errors in woven dates serve as reminders that many weavers did not read or write and therefore did not understand the figures they were copying.

M.H.

1. For related examples, see Eberhart Herrmann, Seltene Orientteppiche IV, Munich, Eberhart Herrmann, 1982, pi. 46, and Raoul Tschebull, Kazak: Carpets of the Caucasus, New York, Near Eastern Art Research Center, Inc., 1971, pl. 40.


SIZE: 110 x 56 1/2 in. (279.4 x 143.5 cm.)

WARP: wool, Z2S; brown and ivory plied

WEFT: cotton, Z2S x 2; ivory, dyed blue at the ends

PILE: wool, Z2S, symmetrical knots, h. 7, v. 9, 63 k/sq. in.; ivory, dark brown, red, light red, pink, pink-purple, yellow, light yellow, green, blue-green,
dark blue, blue, light blue, purple

ENDS: blue wool weft-faced plain weave

SIDES: cut, modern overcast